1.1. Commercial Tea Plantation. The crops are grown on large estates usually around 100 acres. Types of pruning Rejuvenation pruning The whole bush should be cut near the ground level less than 30 cm with a view to rejuvenate the bushes. Plantation Farming. History 3. It is commonly practiced in regions with European colonial influence such as Africa, Asia and Latin America. Types of Agriculture in Nigeria – Conclusion The soil is one of the important resources of our country, as the fertile soil helps us in producing many crops.This serves the food requirements not only within the country but also in other parts of the world.Although it is not the same at every place on the earth.The types of soil of a place are determined by climate, landscape, and vegetation of that place. In India, it is the Plantation crops which form a major chunk of the crops. India comprises the prime position in cauliflower, second in onion and third in cabbage in the world. The majority of plantation logs are derived from softwood plantations (61%) compared to hardwood plantations (39%). African slaves worked on these plantations under incredibly harsh conditions. 5 March - 11 March. ... plantation farming and others. The leguminous crops (soya-bean, peanuts, and groundnuts) are grown mainly for use as oil sources and livestock feed. Horticulture includes a wide range of crops namely, fruits, vegetables, tuber crops, flowers, medicinal and aromatic plants, mushroom, plantation crops, and spices, etc. 26 February - 4 March. Most of the crops grown in plantation agriculture have a life cycle of more than two years. Medium pruning Plantation agriculture is confined within tropical areas, i.e., both sides of the equator.Plantations exist on every continent possessing a tropical climate. Oilseeds-groundnut, sesame, sunflower, etc. 15 Production of hybrids in plantation crops 341-342 16 Visit to research institutes involved in Plantation crops Research 343 17 Practical examination 344 . white plantation owners referred to sugar cane as white gold because of the tonnes of cash they made from harvesting this crop under slave labor. Classification of Crops A. 23 April - 29 April. Most of the plantations were developed to provide tropical crops to the European markets. E.g. India is the second largest producer of fruits next to China. One of the most profitable crops planted and harvested by slaves. Definition 2. 2. Introduction. Indian farmers generally have at least one cow along with their crop farm. There is an overall increase in the yield of crops due to maintenance of proper physical condition of the soil and its OM content. • Plantation crops: Coconut, cashewnut, and arecanut etc. Types of shoots in tea. The protein content of soya-bean is three times higher to that of wheat. Crops are sown at calculated intervals, often between the other plants, so that the harvest can be staggered to provide food all the year round. For example sweet pepper is grown purposely for its immature fruit. Agricultural classification of crops. Even so, there are few studies on the impact of climate change on diseases of these crops. Animals are rare mainly for milk and meat. Sugar Cane grew better in the tropical climates and as such, the more profitable sugar cane plantation owners were from the West indies. This Agricultural practice involves planting of tree crops like sugar cane, plantains, coconuts, rubber, groundnut etc. Plantations produce over 85% of the 32.9 million cubic metres of logs harvested in Australia on average each year. Horticulture :: Plantation Crops :: Palmyrah. Most of the plantation agriculture produce is exported internationally. Some of the major crops produced here are wheat, rice, cotton, sugarcane and also tea, spices, etc. Plantation Crop. a) Field crops: Wheat, Rice, Maize, Barley etc. Alley Intercropping: Alley cropping is a kind of agroforestry system where intercrops are grown in the alleys of trees and hedges etc. These plants are mainly confined to small holdings. Rubber alone covers about 9 million ha in Asia, with 3.04 million ha in Indonesia, 1.83 million ha in Malaysia, and 1.78 million ha in Thailand (Hong, 1995). 1 ... almost all types of fruits can be grown in one or the other parts of the country. Tropical and plantation crops include important crops for food security and alternative energy resources. In general, crops are grown so they can be commercially traded. The plantation was self-sufficient, so all food needed for the planter's family and the slave community was grown here. It was introduced by the British in the nineteenth century. In other words, a crop is any plant that is grown and harvested extensively for-profit purposes. The country produces 36% green peas, 30% It is effective on all types of crops and all types of soils. Horticulture includes a wide range of tools and technologies. Plantations were farmed lands controlled by European settlers. 19 March - 25 March. Plantation farming is bush or tree farming. What gave way is to raise livestock along with crops. ADVERTISEMENTS: Tea, coffee, rubber, abaca, coconuts, and palm oil are the main plantation crops grown in Asia. Let us take a look at these. Crop Protection. Keywords: Forest plantations, plantation forestry, planted forests, silviculture, sustainability, monoculture Contents 1. In India, horticultural crops 30 April - 6 May. Plantation agriculture is an export-oriented agriculture. It is a single crop farming of rubber, tea, coffee, cocoa, spices, coconut and fruit crops … 26 March - 1 April. The major products of this type of farming are tropical crops such as tea, coffee, rubber and palm oil. Much the same types of crops … Mostly this kind of intercropping is adopted in plantation crops. The main crops are starchy foods, e.g., tapioca, cassava or manioc, yams, maize or corn, millet, upland rice, beans and bananas. The total coverage of plantation crops is much less. cotton and jute (for fibre), sugarcane and sugar beat (for sugar), Tea and coffee (for beverages), Tobacco and opium (for alkoids). 9 April - 15 April. List of agriculture farming crops … The plantations are well-planned and provide facilities such as housing, transport etc to the farmers who work on them. Disease: The fungus: Crop Production and management of corn, cotton,wheat, soybean and tobacco crops generates profit to the farmers. Guard Crops: Plantation Crops. The term plantation is likely familiar to you. Two major types of crops grow in India. Let’s know more about the Plantation System. 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