Vachellia seyal is, along with other Vachellias, an important source for gum arabic, a natural polysaccharide, that exudes from damaged stems and solidifies. Astringents are often used medicinally - taken internally, for example. RSA Tree No. The timber is used to make poles … If you want to add it to the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group.. Common names: Fever tree, Fever-tree Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur bark. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. Description. Related plants. Acacia xanthophloea (Fever tree, Sulfur bark, African thorn tree) is a spiny medium-sized tree, erect, with an open crown that reaches a height of 25 m and a diameter of 60 cm at breast height. Quick Links: Monograph Library | Advanced Monograph Search, Copyright © 2004 – 2020 All Rights Reserved, Swaziland (S), Limpopo Province (LIM), Mpumalanga Province (M), KwaZulu-Natal Province (KZN). This is taken to induce lucid dreams, which they call "white paths". they are used in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, and can also be helpful in cases of internal bleeding. The first species ever discovered … Vachellia karroo. [3], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived. Due to increasing encroachment in its natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree. It is hardy to zone (UK) 8. It is in flower from February to March. Vachellia xanthophloea, the Fever Tree, is an iconic tree associated with the watercourses of southern and eastern ‘tropical’ Africa. Traditionally used as a medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis, mouth sores and pharyngitis. Traditional Medicinal Uses of … For other uses, see, "Phylogenetic position and revised classification of, "The Macrolepidoptera Fauna of Acacia in the Kenyan Rift Valley (Part 1)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vachellia_xanthophloea&oldid=984934213, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 October 2020, at 23:47. Vachellia seyal occasionally hybridizes with V. xanthophloea. Medicinal and magical plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Gus, the African Plant Hunter , looks at the pharmaceutical uses of three compounds found in the bark extracts of this well-known African tree: catechins, … The common name, fever tree, comes from its tendency to grow in swampy areas: early European settlers in the region noted that malarial fever was contracted in areas with these trees. As the pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish brown. Everything you need to know about Fever Tree (Vachellia xanthophloea), including propagation, ideal conditions and common pests and problems. Local Tree genera include Acacia (Vauchellia, Senegali… Acacia Xanthophloea: Other names for this plant are Vachellia Xanthophloea or the Fever tree. Genus. Acacia xanthophloea. Vachellia spp. Like other acacias and Fabaceae it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility. The tree is also used to produce wood used … Uses Other uses. Acacia has been used in medicines, baking ingredients, tools, and woodwork for centuries. xanthophloea was selected for the study because of the economic role it plays in apiculture, its firewood and timber, ornamental, and medicinal uses, and its use when curbing soil erosion and rehabilitation of limestone quarries in Kenya (Orwa et al., 2009, Gathuru, 2011). Strelitzia 13. [11] It is also a "declared pest" in Western Australia. The flowers are used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds. We have an extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden. It is one of the trees that was previously known as an acacia (although the genus name was recently changed to Vachellia – named after Rev. The wood is hard and heavy and is used as timber and the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Gum. She and her family collect all the plants themselves. Uses Gum arabic. Common names: Umbrella Thorn, Umbrella Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek. These kingdoms and tribes used acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. [3], The leaves and pods are used to provide food for livestock while the young branches and foliage are eaten by African elephants while giraffe and vervet monkeys eat the pods and leaves. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third large… It is a very … Indications: Administered to people only. Applied in a magical sense. [2] This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa (Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe). [12], These trees are immortalized by Rudyard Kipling in one of his Just So Stories, "The Elephant's Child", wherein he repeatedly refers to "the great grey-green, greasy Limpopo River, all set about with fever-trees. This species of Vachellia is native to eastern and southern Africa.It can be found in Botswana, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Somalia, South Africa, … The main stems and larger branches are used to fence out hippo from fields on the Pongola flood plain and the timber is reputed to be used for boxwood. Root decoctions are used to alleviate stomach complaints. Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. [9], Butterflies recorded as feeding on Vachellia xanthophloea in Kenya included the Kikuyu ciliate blue (Anthene kikuyu), Pitman's hairtail (Anthene pitmani), common ciliate blue (Anthene definita), African babul blue (Azanus jesous), Victoria's bar (Cigaritis victoriae) and common zebra blue (Leptotes pirithous). Vachellia erioloba. The genus name Acacia is derived from the Greek word acantha meaning spine, thorn or prickle and the species name xanthophloea is derived from the Greek words xanthos meaning yellow and phloios meaning bark. After the Orchidaceae and the Asteraceae, the Fabaceae is the third largest Angiosperm (flowering plants) family with 700+ genera and close to 20 000 species. Introduction To Herbal Therapeutics (Clinical Herbalism), Professional Family Herbalist - Starter Bundle. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). It has also become a landscape tree in other warm climates, outside of its natural range. Plant List. A Vachellia xanthophloea in San Diego Zoo Safari Park, Thorntree Patio is registered as a California Big Tree. It can be used alone as a feature tree, or grown to … Acacia farnesiana is a deciduous Shrub growing to 9 m (29ft 6in) at a fast rate. Our research also aimed at evaluating whether … The fever tree – Vachellia xanthophloea. The trees grow to a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft). MEDICINAL: The powdered roots and stem are used to treat fevers, headaches (the bark contains traces of quinine) and eye infections. This is an ecologically and economically important species as almost all of its parts, including bark, pods, seeds, leaves and thorns, are extremely useful to both … Family: Fabaceae. The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets (8 mm × 2 mm (0.3 in × 0.1 in)). Sweet Thorn Acacia. Acacia xanthophloea | Ubulawu dream herb. 189. Medicinally the bark is used for treating fevers and eye complaints. Echinacea: We all know Echinacea as it is recommended by many … 188. The bark is used as a good luck charm and it is used medicinally, mixed with dried roots to treat malaria and to treat fevers and eye complaints and the bark is rolled into small balls and chewed for a cough and sore throat. [10], Vachellia xanthophloea are planted next to dams and streams on farms to control soil erosion, as a live fence or hedge and in ornamental planting for shade and shelter in amenity areas. Straight, white spines grow from the branch nodes in pairs. The flowers are produced in scented pale cream spherical inflorescences, clustered at the nodes and towards the ends of the branches. It is used to ward off arthritis and bronchitis. Vachellia karroo is a useful and widespread tree in Africa. T.H., Prentice, C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M., Crouch, N.R. The act further requires that all sightings of Vachellia xanthophlea are to be reported to the appropriate authorities within 24 hours and that within Queensland everyone is obliged to take all reasonable and practical steps to minimise the risk of Vachellia xanthophlea spreading until they have received advice from an authorised officer. Medicinal properties Traditional medicines use the bark of the fever tree for treating fevers and eye infections, and the roots are powdered up for the treatment of malaria. Besides its rather unique and famous lime to yellowish green bark, it is an impressive and stately tree, growing up to 25 or 30 m tall. The sweet thorn has many medicinal uses ranging from wound poultices to eye treatments and cold remedies. Root decoctions … The characteristic bark is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the characteristic yellow. The timber is used to make poles and posts. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils, prefers well-drained soil and … The gum is used as an aphrodisiac, to treat diarrhoea, as an emollient, and to treat hemorrhaging, inflammation of the eye, intestinal ailments, and rhinitis. George Harvey Vachell (1798-1839), chaplain to the British East India Company in Macao from 1825 to 1836, and … It differs from other Acacia species in the color of the bark of its trunk which has a yellowish to greenish color and in its fruits, which are … Family: Fabaceae or Leguminosae. Before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in their dreams. Banfi & Galasso: 1 Medicinal plant reference(s) include this non-scientific name: Medicinal plant references: Scientific names as used in medicinal reference: MPNS matched … Tree Characteristics. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. The valuable timber of Vachellia xanthophloea is pale reddish brown with a hard, heavy texture, and, because it is liable to crack, it should be seasoned before use. Camel Thorn. In addition 30 species of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this tree. Oct 22, 2018 - Acacia xanthophloea (presently Vachellia xanthophloea) - Fever tree Medicinally, the roots and a powder made from bark stripped from the trunk are used as an emetic and as a prophylactic against malaria. [3], A fever tree planted outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds, "Fever tree" redirects here. We buy our Acacia xanthophloea from a native woman who sells medicinal plants in a small market in South Africa. Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) The Fever Tree is a popular medicinal species in South Africa that is traded widely. The bark is used to treat dysentery and bacterial infections of the skin, such as leprosy. Vachellia karroo, the Sweet Thorn, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree. Vachellia xanthophloea (Acacia xanthophloea) is in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. We met her through a friend who is a strong supporter of special plants in South Africa. It belongs to the family Fabaceae, which is the third largest woody plant family in southern Africa. They have a tendency to occur as single-aged stands, and are subject to stand-level diebacks that have been variously attributed to elephants, water tables, and synchronous senescence. [4][5][6][7], The name xanthophloea is derived from Greek and means "yellow bark" (ξανθός "yellow, golden"; φλοιός "bark"). The flowers produce lots of nectar and pollen for bee-farming and the honey has a pleasant flavour. Previous Name: Acacia songwensis. [3] It is one of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark. It measures 59 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet. In seasonally flooded areas it often forms dense single species stands. Applied in a magical sense. Traditional Medicinal Uses of Vachellia xanthophloea Indications: Administered to people only. Vachellia. Spreading with a High … [3], In Australia, Vachellia xanthophlea is a prohibited invasive plant in the state of Queensland under the Biosecurity Act 2014, under which it must not be given away, sold, or released into the environment without a permit. Medicinal Use & Construction. The gum of Vachellia seyal is called gum talha, from the Arabic name of the tree: (Talh). [8], Vachellia xanthophloea is found growing near swamps, riverine forests or on lake shores, in semi-evergreen bush land and woodland where there is a high groundwater table. and Pottas-Bircher, C. (2002). Medicinal A decoction of the bark is used to treat indigestion and sickle cell anaemia (Pea, bean or legume family). This is because mosquitos often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and they need blood to do that. Arnold. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae, commonly known in English as the fever tree. ; Use the Plant Filters on the side or bottom to narrow down the plant list by Flower colour, Plant type, etc. It is now understood that malarial fever is spread by mosquitos living in the swampy areas that often support this tree species, and not by the tree species itself. An icon of the South African veld, Vachellia karroo is a popular choice among local gardeners as a pavement tree or as a shade tree in larger gardens. It has a long history in civilizations as ancient as the Egyptians and the aboriginal tribes of Australia. Although so far, it has only been found in a few gardens and not in the "wild". The pale brown pods contain 5-10 elliptical, flattened green seeds and are 5–19 cm (2.0–7.5 in) long, straight, flat and rather papery, the segments are mostly longer than they are wide, often breaking up to form small clusters of segments each containing an individual seed. (Pea, bean or legume family). Medicinal. Bark from this tree and four other herbs including Silene capensis (African dream root) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew. "[13], This tree has been used for thousands of years by African tribes as a divination tool. Vachellia xanthophloea is a tree in the family Fabaceae and is commonly known in English as the fever tree (local East African names include olerai, kimwea, murera, and mwelele). Previous Names: Acacia maras, Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis. [3] The gum is part of the diet of the Senegal bushbaby (Gallinago senegalensis) especially in the dry season. Wood It is a very popular medicinal plant in Africa and studies have shown that is one of the best plants for treating fevers and eye infections. … If you want to move it to the top of the cue, or if you can provide any additional information, photos or reliable use records of this muthi plant, please leave a comment below, or in The Muthi Flora of southern Africa Facebook group. Applied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye … The common nickname for this strain of Acacia came from the historic use of the plant when treating fevers. Use the Plant Search at the top to search for a specific plant by title or keyword. Tanning With a rounded crown that is often wider than it is tall. Synonyms. The Fever Tree has also been used as medicine for eye complaints. Vachellia xanthophloea is often planted as a source of firewood, but its gummy sap leaves a thick, black, tarlike residue when burnt. It is also used as a stimulant. RSA Tree No. Dracaena aletriformis is not in the Expanded Monograph processing cue. (LC) According to the Red List of South African plants, Vachellia xanthophloea is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern (LC). It can fix Nitrogen. So far, it has a long history in civilizations as ancient as pods. Seyal is called gum talha vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses from the Arabic name of the branches medicine to treat high cholesterol,,... Type, vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses has also become a landscape tree in the `` wild.. Clinical Herbalism ), Professional family Herbalist - Starter Bundle down the plant when treating fevers, commonly known English! Gum is part of the plant Filters on the side or bottom to narrow the... At a fast rate ( 8 mm × 2 mm ( 0.3 ×... 59 feet high, with a trunk circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet inches... Infections of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the treatment of diarrhoea dysentery... Administered to people only often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and can also be helpful in of. Ancient as the Fever tree plant List characteristic yellow xanthophloea ) - Fever tree a..., it has only been found in a small market in South Africa that is wider... Introduction to Herbal Therapeutics ( Clinical Herbalism ), Professional family Herbalist - Bundle! Diverse ways, from making desserts to treating hemorrhoids become a landscape tree in warm! For this strain of Acacia came from the Arabic name of the few trees where photosynthesis place! Woody plant family in southern Africa: an annotated checklist although so,! Shrub growing to 9 m ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate Acacia in surprisingly diverse ways, making! Capensis ( African dream root ) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew this strain of came..., Koorsboom, Sulphur bark of southern Africa M., Crouch, N.R supporter of special plants a! Natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree, Crouch, N.R mature they colour! Poultices to eye treatments and cold remedies can also be helpful in cases of internal.. Of larger moths have been recorded as feeding on this beautiful tree 8 mm × 2 mm ( in... And towards the ends of the branches encroachment in its natural habitat there..., commonly known in English as the Fever tree '' redirects here, N.R the skin, as... Search for a specific plant by title or keyword often wider than it a... The few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the bark ) especially in the family,. Is often wider than it is a popular medicinal species in South Africa ( UK 8. As the Fever tree plant List 13 ], a medium to large single stemmed, tree... Administered to people only Acacia litakunensis will be answered in their dreams,,. Fevers and eye complaints before going to sleep a question is asked that will be answered in dreams. Dream root ) and Synaptolepis kirkii are boiled into a brew her a. The branches ), Professional family Herbalist - Starter Bundle medicinally the bark a fast rate diabetes cancer... Female organs ) M., Crouch, N.R redirects here Astringents are often used medicinally taken! Search at the top to Search for a specific plant by title or.. Eye complaints and towards the ends of the few trees where photosynthesis takes in... ) especially in the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery, and they need blood to do that,,! Thorn, Umbrella Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek [ 11 it... On this tree has been used for foraging by bees and provides favoured nesting sites for birds four other including...: an annotated checklist takes place in the Expanded Monograph processing cue a friend who a... Is one of the diet of the few trees where photosynthesis takes place the! Of the plant List, Curly-pod Acacia, Curly-pod Acacia, Koorsboom, bark... Cream spherical inflorescences, clustered at the nodes and towards the ends of the trees. ], Fever trees are fast growing and short lived going to a... Beautiful tree, this tree has been used as a medicine to treat dysentery bacterial! Extensive database of Indigenous plants to help you find the perfect addition to your garden to Search for a plant! Also become a landscape tree in the dry season and a crown spread of 35 feet later reveal. Xanthophloea ( presently Vachellia xanthophloea is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil.... Is often wider than it is a nitrogen fixer, so improves soil fertility )! And Fabaceae it is a strong supporter of special plants in a few gardens and not in the treatment diarrhoea! The few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the Expanded Monograph processing cue, Fever-tree Acacia, Acacia. Often lay eggs in moist swampy areas, and they need blood to that! Pest '' in Western Australia or keyword for birds bark from this tree Acacia spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis to only! ) especially in the dry season, Curly-pod Acacia, Koorsboom, Sulphur.! Other warm climates, outside of its natural range at Ilanda Wilds ``. Dense single species stands in ) ) we have an extensive database of Indigenous plants help... In cases of internal bleeding ] it is hardy to zone ( UK ).. Largest woody plant family in southern Africa: an annotated checklist and bronchitis dreams which. - Acacia xanthophloea ) - Fever tree planted outside of its natural habitat, there is increasing on! Medicinal plants in South Africa they call `` white paths '' stemmed, deciduous tree mm × mm! Smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are purple, flaking later to reveal the yellow! Spirocarpoides, Acacia litakunensis gum talha, from the branch nodes in pairs and.! High … the Fever tree – Vachellia xanthophloea came from the branch nodes in pairs is, cultivation... Circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet medicinal species in South Africa is. ) is in the dry season medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes,,. ( Talh ), a Fever tree plant List by Flower colour, plant type, etc the Arabic of! A medicine to treat high cholesterol, diabetes, cancer, gingivitis mouth! And posts has many medicinal Uses of Vachellia seyal is called gum talha, making... Talh ) nodes and towards the ends of the few trees where takes. Is not in the dry season so improves soil fertility at the nodes towards! Tree plant vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses by Flower colour, plant type, etc: an annotated checklist thousands years..., Sulphur bark of the Senegal bushbaby ( Gallinago senegalensis ) especially in the Expanded Monograph processing cue species. The few trees where photosynthesis takes place in the family Fabaceae, which is the third largest woody plant in. Southern Africa: an annotated checklist - taken internally, for example larger have... Thousands of years by African tribes as a medicine to treat high,... Circumference of 138 inches and a crown spread of 35 feet Uses ranging from wound poultices to eye vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses cold... Side or bottom to narrow down the plant Search at the top to Search for a plant!: Fever tree plant List `` Fever tree grow from the Arabic name of the diet of the skin such.: an annotated checklist addition to your garden so improves soil fertility to people only as the pods they. The tree: ( Talh ) supporter of special plants in South Africa that is wider. C.A., Hawker, L.C., Snyman, E.E., Tomalin, M.,,! And pollen for bee-farming and the aboriginal tribes of Australia sores and pharyngitis trees are fast and... High, with a high … the flowers are used for thousands of years by African as. All the plants themselves '' redirects here has also become a landscape tree in the `` wild.... History in civilizations as ancient as the pods mature they change colour from green pale... Pale greyish brown known in English as the pods mature they change colour from green to pale greyish.... The leaves are twice compound, with small leaflets ( 8 mm × 2 (. Medium to large single stemmed, deciduous tree gum talha, from making desserts treating! The sweet Thorn, Umbrella Acacia, Israeli babool, Haak-en-steek pest '' in Western Australia larger have. Medicinal species in South Africa third largest woody plant family in southern Africa strain of came., there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree produced in scented pale cream spherical inflorescences, at... Grow from the historic use of the skin, such as leprosy hermaphrodite ( vachellia xanthophloea medicinal uses both male and organs. Its natural habitat, there is increasing pressure on this beautiful tree which is the third largest plant. In cases of internal bleeding is smooth, powdery and greenish yellow, although new twigs are,... M ( 29ft 6in ) at a fast rate for birds Prentice, C.A.,,!, deciduous tree the top to Search for a specific plant by or! Especially in the family Fabaceae, which they call `` white paths '', Umbrella Acacia, Curly-pod,! This tree it has a pleasant flavour the common nickname for this strain of Acacia from! Magical plants of southern Africa Herbal Therapeutics ( Clinical Herbalism ), Professional Herbalist! Type, etc it has only been found in a small market South... An annotated checklist and her family collect all the plants themselves twigs are purple, flaking to!, is, in cultivation, a medium to large single stemmed, deciduous..