Sulfur and nitrogen, along with the arsenic and iron that may be present, also destroy the catalysts used in refining. Zero cash takeovers for Permian producers is a very bad signal for the rest of the industry. The temperature at which the kerogen decomposes into usable hydrocarbons varies with the time-scale of the process; in the above-ground retorting process decomposition begins at 300 °C (570 °F), but proceeds more rapidly and completely at higher temperatures. The kerogen deposits on shale oil rocks gently convert into crude oil by natural processes. Definition of oil shale in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Eagle Ford Shale. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word oil shale. Tight oil has become the largest source of domestic oil in the United States.  In response to rising petroleum costs at the turn of the 21st century, extraction operations have commenced, been explored, or been renewed in the United States, China, Australia and Jordan. This is because tight oil may be extracted from rock formations that, in addition to shale formations, include sandstone and carbonates. Oil shale shouldn't be confused with "shale oil," also called “tight oil,” a more commonly produced type of unconventional oil that's found trapped in limestone or sandstone rocks. Although shale-oil plays with oil stored in open-fractured shale have been pursued for more than 100 yr, organic-rich and low-permeability shales and hybrid shale-oil systems are now being pursued based on knowledge and technologies gained from production of shale-gas resource systems and likely hold the largest untapped oil resource potential. Petroleum and natural gas are probably the most familiar hydrocarbons.  In the 10th century, the Arabic physician Masawaih al-Mardini (Mesue the Younger) first described a method of extracting oil from "some kind of bituminous shale". The Marcellus Shale lies under the Appalachian Basin, and spreads across New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, West Virginia, Maryland, Tennessee, Virginia and Kentucky. What does oil shale mean? Shale oil is a type of unconventional oil found in shale formations that must be hydraulically fractured to extract the oil. The differing properties of the raw oils call for correspondingly various pre-treatments before it can be sent to a conventional oil refinery. When America’s sanctions on Iranian crude exports take effect on November 4th, shale will help fill the gap. Shale Region.  Worldwide production of shale oil was estimated at 17,700 barrels per day (2,810 m3/d) in 2008. A fissile rock composed of layers of claylike, fine-grained sediments. For crude oil occurring in shale reservoirs, see. Shale definition, a rock of fissile or laminated structure formed by the consolidation of clay or argillaceous material. Definition - What does Oil Shale mean? Information about shale oil in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. It has been described that raw shale oil has a mild carcinogenic potential which is comparable to some intermediate refinery products, while upgraded shale oil has lower carcinogenic potential as most of the polycyclic aromatics are believed to broken down by hydrogenation. ‘Carbonaceous shale, including oil shale, occurs in beds of clayey to silty mudrock from 0.3 to 3 m thick.’ ‘The term ‘fossil fuels’ is commonly used for the materials tar sands, oil, gas condensates, natural gas, coal, and oil shale and their products.’ ‘The targets are oil, coal, shale oil, and, if you believe the oil industry's press releases, the largest trove of natural gas on the continent.’ ‘The first oil refinery in Australia to contain a catalytic cracking unit was at Glen Davis, producing 160000 barrels a day of crude shale oil.’ It’s a true game changer for the U.S. economy, and its impact is only in the early stages. Oil shale definition: a fine-grained shale containing oil , which can be extracted by heating | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples , During the late 19th century, shale-oil extraction plants were built in Australia, Brazil and the United States. HOUSTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. oil and gas shares and drilling activity are edging higher, but a disastrous year for the energy industry means the go-go days of the shale … Definition of shale oil in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. It is used in heating oil, marine fuels, and the production of various chemicals. See more. In addition, the process is sometimes criticized for the destructive impact on the environment. Oil Shale is a sedimentary rock that has naturally occurring mixture of organic chemical compounds called as “Kerogen” which when heated yields crude oil. Shale drilling r… (noun)  Like conventional oil, shale oil is a complex mixture of hydrocarbons, and it is characterized using bulk properties of the oil. China, Estonia, New Zealand, South Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland produced shale oil in the early 20th century. Shale's struggles are making news around the globe and could have various implications for the Canadian oil and gas sector, whether it's on prices or discussions on energy security. Oil shale definition, a black or dark-brown shale or siltstone rich in bitumens, from which shale oil is obtained by destructive distillation. See more. Meaning of oil shale. Shale has huge competition to fill remaining oil demand. Kraushaar, Jack P., and Robert A. Ristinen. Crude oil production in the U.S. shale patch is set to decline by 68,000 bpd next month, with every play registering declines in output except the Permian After over 50 cases brought before, and thrown out of, US courts, including the Supreme Court, hundreds of Trump supporters, claiming to be a million supporters, continued to cry and protest and chant outside the White House, like a bunch of voteflakes. , Shale oil is extracted by pyrolysis, hydrogenation, or thermal dissolution of oil shale. As of 2008, it is primarily used as a heating oil and marine fuel, and to a lesser extent in the production of various chemicals. " Later sold as Betton's British Oil, the distilled product was said to have been "tried by diverse persons in Aches and Pains with much benefit. (Ten US gal/ton is approximately 3.4 tons of oil per 100 tons of shale.) Shale oil can also contain significant quantities of heteroatoms. humic shale - shale that is rich in humic acids. : a rock (such as shale) from which oil can be recovered by distillation.  VKG Oil claims to produce 250,000 tons of oil per year from 2 million tons of shale, a yield of 13%. What does shale oil mean? HOUSTON/NEW YORK (Reuters) - U.S. oil and gas shares and drilling activity are edging higher, but a disastrous year for the energy industry means the go-go days of the shale … Through these processes, we take the organic matter within the rock (kerogen) and convert into synthetic oil and gas. Mostly Texas, though some production comes from New Mexico. Final report on US Department of Energy", "A study on the EU oil shale industry viewed in the light of the Estonian experience. , Hydrogenation and thermal dissolution (reactive fluid processes) extract the oil using hydrogen donors, solvents, or a combination of these. Shale oil comprises more than a third of the onshore production of crude oil in the lower 48 states. , Shale oil produced by some technologies, such as the Kiviter process, can be used without further upgrading as an oil constituent and as a source of phenolic compounds. half shark, half whale.  Phenols can be first be removed by water extraction. Shale …  Generally, the oil is less fluid than crude oil, becoming pourable at temperatures between 24 and 27 °C (75 and 81 °F), while conventional crude oil is pourable at temperatures between −60 to 30 °C (−76 to 86 °F); this property affects shale oil's ability to be transported in existing pipelines. "About technical terms of oil shale and shale oil", "Oil & Gas Shales, Definitions & Distribution In Time & Space. Hydrocarbon s are substances made entirely of hydrogen and carbon. In the United States, the largest formations providing shale oil are found in the Permian, Eagle Ford, and Bakken Basins. Information about oil shale in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and antonyms. Shale oil and shale gas formations can be found around the world. ‘Carbonaceous shale, including oil shale, occurs in beds of clayey to silty mudrock from 0.3 to 3 m thick.’ ‘The term ‘fossil fuels’ is commonly used for the materials tar sands, oil, gas condensates, natural gas, coal, and oil shale and their products.’ It drove U.S. oil output from 8.8 million barrels per day in 2014 to a record 12.2 million barrels a day in 2019.  The pyrolysis of the rock is performed in a retort, situated either above ground or within the rock formation itself. Essentially, it is oil trapped in solid form inside various rock formations. Oil Shale. , Oil produced from oil shale rock fragments, This article is about synthetic petroleum produced from oil shale. Decomposition takes place most quickly at a temperature between 480 and 520 °C (900 and 970 °F). Permian Basin. 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